Case 4

Martha, a 50-year-old lady, presents to your surgery complaining of a 5-month history of stiff painful wrists, and of swelling in her hands. She tells you the hand stiffness is worse when she wakes, and that she also has morning foot pain and a feeling of walking on marbles. Martha also tells you that she … Continue reading Case 4

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Case 3

Charlie, a 26-year-old male, slipped and fell down a set of concrete steps.ย  He hit his head and was rendered unconscious for around 15 seconds (reported by his friends). Six hours later the same day he lost consciousness and was taken to the emergency department. History and preliminary examination pointed toward an intracranial bleed. a) … Continue reading Case 3

Case 2

David, a 34-year-old man, suffered a crush injury to his thorax whilst cutting trees in a garden. His co-worker took him to the emergency department. Upon arrival he was breathless and tachycardic. The doctor diagnosed a tension pneumothorax and inserted a chest drain. a) Describe the pleural layers, their location/regions and arrangement. Explain the location … Continue reading Case 2